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Home | Obesity | Morbid Obesity

The category of morbid obesity represents people affected by the highest and most dangerous body weight excess, which brings about very serious consequences to their health. Obesity becomes “morbid” when it reaches the level where it significantly increases the risk of one or more health conditions or serious illnesses related to obesity that can cause significant physical disability and even death. .

It is internationally accepted today that any person with a Body Mass Index (BMI) equal or higher than 40, presents morbid obesity. According to the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company tables, those people suffering from morbid obesity weigh more than 45.5 kilos (100 pounds) or 100% over their ideal weight.

For higher BMI and overweight levels, we refer to super obesity (BMI 50), super-super obesity (BMI 60) and so on.
Morbid obesity has four defining characteristics:
It is an illness and has to be treated and considered as such. It does not depend at all on the patients’ willingness to go down to a normal weight, and only a specialist in the field can help these patients.
It is a serious illness because it is accompanied by multiple complications (co-morbidities) that are not cured without solving the obesity. In this sense, we can point out diabetes type II, high blood pressure, dislipidemy, cardiopathy, sleep apnea, arthropathy, depression and more, not to mention psycho-social determining factors. It predisposes individuals to cancer, significantly shortens life expectation, generates social rejection and individual isolation, and is very demoralizing.
It is a potentially mortal disease. People suffering from morbid obesity have a death risk which is twice as high in women and three times as high in the case of men. If a person suffering from morbid obesity is complicated by some added disease and is diagnosed at age 20, this person will have little chance of reaching the age of 50. In fact, the death risk due to diabetes or heart attack is 5 to 7 times higher.
It is a chronic disease, that is to say "a lifetime disease" and when medical and dietetic treatments have failed, only surgery can introduce the valid elements to bring about a substantial reduction in weight, sustain it over time, eliminate or cure the co-morbidities and take the patients as close as possible to their normal weight.



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